Kidney Cancer Treatment
Kidneys form an integral part of the urinary tract and system. They make urine by removing wastes and extra water from blood. They are also involved in controlling blood pressure and production of red blood cells. Kidneys are very unique organs in that failure of one, does not affect the other. Removal of one kidney does not affect the urinary system and it resumes normal functioning of both kidneys.
Cancer is abnormal growth of cells. Kidney cancer, also referred to as renal cancer, is the abnormal growth and development of kidney cells. The cancerous cells forms a tumor that can advance to other internal organs if not early diagnosed and treated just like any other form of cancer. The early stages of kidney cancer are usually asymptomatic but the severity of the signs and symptoms of Kidney Cancer advances as the cancer progresses. In the later stages of Kidney Cancer, signs and symptoms of Kidney Cancer include general body malaise, bloody urine, night sweats, rapid weight loss, extreme pain, swelling of veins and testicles and fever.
Many experts have done researches on the causes of Kidney Cancers but the definite causes are yet to be known.
However several factors have been found to increase the risk of getting Kidney Cancer.
Age – it has been found that kidney cancer commonly occurs in people aged over 40 years. Obesity – obesity increases or decreases hormone secretion increasing the risk of getting kidney cancer. Smoking – tobacco contains carcinogens that increase the risk of kidney cancer. Genetic predisposition – Kidney cancer has been found to run in families. Sex – it occurs more in men than women. Other kidney diseases and their treatment such as renal dialysis have been found to increase the risk of getting kidney cancer.
Blood and urine tests can be done as part of the diagnostic tests for kidney cancer but their results do not form a conclusive diagnosis for kidney cancer, irrespective of the presence of the symptoms for Kidney Cancer. Other more specific tests such as Abdominal scans, MRI ,ultrasounds and CT scans must be done to confirm the presence of tumors or cysts that indicate the presence of Kidney Cancer. A biopsy can also be taken and examined.
Treatment of Kidney Cancer and its prognosis is heavily determined by early diagnosis and treatment. Kidney
Cancer Treatment depends on the staging. Renal cancers is staged in four major stages.
- Stage 1 – it is the earliest stage and the tumor small and confined in the kidney.
- Stage 2 – Cancer is found in one or both kidneys,though the tumor is bigger than in stage 1.
- Stage 3 – Cancer has advanced to the adjacent structures, tumor is in the kidney blood vessels, and the tumors are found in the surrounding tissues.
- Stage 4 – Cancer has advanced beyond the kidney fatty tissue, to the lymph nodes and to organs such as the lungs,bowels and pancreas.
Treatment for Kidney Cancer entails long treatment periods despite the staging, and treatment compliance forms a fundamental part of treatment of Kidney Cancer. Kidney Cancer treatments are varied depending on the staging and on the symptoms for Kidney Cancer.
One of the Kidney Cancer treatments is surgery whereby the cancerous cells are identified early and removed surgically before they spread to the other parts. If the cancerous cells are confined in one kidney, the kidney can be removed as part of Kidney Cancer treatments. Radiotherapy is also another form of treatment for Kidney Cancer, though it usually takes a longer periods of time.
Biological therapies can also form a part of the treatment for Kidney Cancer, whereby the treatment of Kidney Cancer involves delivering the medications via blood stream, relying on the immune system to fight cancerous cells. Chemotherapy is another form of Kidney Cancer treatment that sends anti-cancer drugs through the blood stream to the body.
When the treatment regimen for Kidney cancer is complied to, its effectiveness and prognosis is good.