Diabetes – An overview of the disease, symptoms for diabetes, and treatment Diabetes
Diabetes is typically a chronic disease that is indicative of high blood sugar levels. Insulin, a hormone produced by the body to help regulate blood sugar is directly connected to the causes of diabetes. Lack or resistance to insulin can cause diabetes. This article covers the forms of diabetes, symptoms, what are the causes of diabetes, treatments and current research.
There are two main forms of diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes: Occurs at any age, but is typically diagnosed early in life. What causes diabetes for someone with
Type 1 is the body cannot produce insulin, or only produces a small amount.
Type 2 Diabetes: Typically occurs during adulthood. Most people with Type 2 diabetes rarely know that they have the disease unless they have symptoms of Diabetes.
Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes
- Blurred Vision
- Extreme thirst
- Frequent urination
- Weight loss
- Feet and Skin infections
- Nerve Damage (tingling, pain or loss of feeling)
What are the causes of diabetes?
The onset of diabetes is typically caused by people that have a high blood sugar level due to their body not having the ability to breakdown sugar into various forms of fat and energy for the body to use. Either the pancreas can not breakdown sugar due to the lack of insulin being produced or the person’s cells do not respond to insulin normally. Rare forms and causes of diabetes range from surgeries on the endocrine system and pregnancy.
Prediabetes: Before people develop Type 2 diabetes, they typically develop prediabetes. This diagnosis is indicative of higher than normal blood sugar levels.
Type 1: Immune system attacks, destroying insulin cells in the pancreas. Sugar builds up in bloodstream. A combination of environmental and genetic factors are thought to be factors that cause diabetes.
Type 2: Body becomes more resistant to insulin and your pancreas cannot make enough insulin to cover this resistance. What causes diabetes in Type 2 patients are environmental and genetic factors, and being overweight can cause Type 2 diabetes.
A more rare form of diabetes is Gestational Diabetes. It occurs only in about 4% of pregnancies. Increased hunger, urination, and thirst are signs and symptoms of diabetes (gestational). It occurs when the placenta produces a hormone that causes the body not to produce enough insulin or to resist it.
Research and Diabetes Treatment
Typical Diabetes treatments:
- Several insulin shots a day or an insulin pump
- Monitoring blood sugar levels
- Healthy diet
- Activity or exercise
- No smoking or drinking alcohol
- Regular doctor visits
- Research for Diabetes Treatments in 2012
Various forms of research are being done in regards to finding a treatment for diabetes in 2012. Doctors are researching into environmental factors and specific genetic factors that cause diabetes. A study was recently published regarding the study of the brain and IQs of patients that have diabetes, or are showing the symptoms for diabetes (prediabetes). Research has also shown that with prediabetes, long-term damage to the body especially on the heart and the circulatory system could occur even with prediabetes. With research being completed everyday, medicine is evolving with new treatments appearing consistently.
As always, if you feel that you have some of the symptoms for diabetes, please contact a qualified physician for a consult.